It calls for a rethinking of the one-sided emphasis on attracting FDI and its replacement with a more balanced and more strategic approach tailored to African socio-economic conditions and development challenges. Toggle navigation. Home All Publications. Page Content.
Economic Development in Africa. Today the average American is 61 times richer. But poverty in Africa does not express itself in economic terms only. It also has a social dimension. The report of the Commission for Africa reminds us of the fact that, although growth and globalization have brought higher living standards to billions of men and women, in Africa, millions of children are hungry, their bodies stunted and deformed by malnutrition, they are needlessly ill, they cannot read or write.
About 61 per cent of people in sub-Saharan Africa are literate against an average of 76 per cent for developing countries. It is also reported that on current trends it will take sub-Saharan Africa until to achieve the MDG target, putting it off track by a century. The target of achieving universal primary education in will be missed by at least a decade, leading to 47 million children out of school in , 19 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa.
Literacy for life. No matter which new strategy should be adopted, there seems to be a consensus on the necessity for most African countries to double current economic growth rates and make major investments in upgrading social services if they are to come close to meeting the MDGs. To achieve this, they will have to implement prudent macro- economic policies, and deepen governance reforms aimed at making governments at all levels more transparent and accountable to the people. They will also need to allocate additional resources to the social sectors while improving the efficiency of their delivery.
The economic growth thus achieved will need to be pro-poor, result in lowering poverty, contribute to an improvement in the distribution of income, and be environmentally sustainable.
Sustainable Development Report on Africa II | United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
Another major ingredient of an effective strategy for African economic development and social progress is peace and stability. Although a number of longstanding conflicts came to an end and the prospects of ending others are promising, many of the affected countries have got to launch effective reconstruction and rehabilitation programs. Others also continue to face political instability and civil strife, resulting in a contraction of their economies. The international community clearly needs to bolster its efforts to find peaceful solutions for countries in conflict and to provide the much-needed assistance to post-conflict countries.
The high prevalence rate of the pandemic continues to reduce the capacity of some of the most productive members of society, thus affecting both employment and growth. In many countries, it has reversed some of the hard-won social and economic gains of the past decades. Many countries, supported by the international community, have devoted considerable resources to tackling the scourge of the disease. But they need to give high priority to combating the pandemic by designing and implementing short and long term appropriate programs.
UNAIDS convincingly argues that the non-formal adult education constituted by story-telling is a powerful way to influence particular secular, traditional, or religious system-based beliefs about how HIV is spread and how it can be prevented to ensure that HIV and AIDS are seen in a more positive light. This support is absolutely indispensable to assure the continued economic and social development required for poverty reduction and the achievement of the MDGs. These are daunting challenges. Significant efforts are required on the part of African countries and its development partners to address these challenges.
Some of the measures include: consolidating democracy, promoting good governance, formulating and implementing effective economic and social policies, and mobilizing domestic and external resources. The role of adult education in development is multidimensional. Indeed, as one of the building blocks of human development, and not just a basic right, education, including adult education, is a foundation for progress in areas such as human capital, health, nutrition and the development of institutions and democracy.
Therefore, the role of adult education in development can be apprehended through the complex relationships existing between all its forms and the economic, political, social and cultural determinant factors of African development. The economic role of adult education in development is apparent in its contribution to human capital formation. An educated population also provides a more attractive investment climate.
Adult education is also instrumental in familiarizing the active population of Africa with Information Communication Technology ICT , a decisive tool for the smooth integration of African economies in the global economy.
The importance of this cannot be overemphasized as the world is rapidly moving towards knowledge- based economic structures and information societies that comprise networks of individuals, firms, and countries linked electronically in interdependent and interactive relationships. Adult education also plays a major role in social development.
It is now widely admitted that growth will not reduce poverty unless poor people are able to actively participate in it. Such participation can become effective to a large extent through adult education.
Adult education will also be needed to enable the African poor to really take advantage of programs aimed at protecting orphans and vulnerable children or drastically reducing the number of people without access to safe water and basic sanitation in the framework of the Africa Water Vision and the G8 Water Action Plan. Adult education geared towards women is another powerful means to contribute to socio-economic development. As the Report of the Commission for Africa pointed out,.
Women must be included and the full power of their development skills unleashed.
Yet, it is widely recognized that women are largely excluded from educational provision in Africa, especially when it comes to adult education. In its contribution to an inclusive social development process, adult education ensures that no-one is excluded from the sources of development assistance made available by governments, the civil society and the international community. The role of adult education in development is not limited only to the economic and social spheres. It also has a political dimension.
There is a strong link between adult learning and democracy. For democracy to be achieved, adult education is needed to educate citizens on the democratic culture as well as to inform them of their rights and responsibilities as democracy also requires people to actively participate at local, national and global levels. It is today admitted that the lack of recognition of the need to involve civil society, especially grassroots organizations, by giving them a voice in decision-making and the means to participate effectively in society is one of the major causes of development failure in many African countries.
Abuse of human rights and social injustice leading to the exclusion of important segments of society, have also constituted stumbling blocks to economic and social progress on the continent and paved the way to violent conflicts. Given the demographic and socio-economic importance of women in society, substantive democracy cannot be achieved without practicing gender democracy, a cross-cutting issue.
The fact, nevertheless, is that the situation of women in Africa has not improved. In some cases, it has even worsened compared to what it used to be a few decades ago. Adult education may prove to be a powerful tool for favoring inclusive development through democracy, thereby ensuring peace and stability, as a number of studies have shown that prevention through adult education is much more effective than intervention. Prevention of political disorders and civil unrest can be made possible through various adult education strategies.
A number of adult education policies to promote democracy and peace have been proposed during the Fifth International Conference on Adult Education held in Hamburg in They intend to attain their objectives through various strategies that promote an active civil society, reinforce gender democracy and help solve conflicts between different countries and groups.
To the extent that the world at large is experiencing the effects of multi-faceted globalization with varying degrees of impact on peoples, cultures, societies and persons, the role of adult education in democracy and peace cannot be checked exclusively within national boundaries. It also needs to be examined at the global level. The guiding assumption in this exercise is provided by the conclusions of the Copenhagen seminars for social progress, which took place between and , which.
It is believed that progress in shared values will be achieved only through patient and rigorous dialogue requiring research and open debates involving a maximum of actors. It is clear that for African countries to cope with these new challenges of globalization solidarity, they will need informed and literate populations capable of articulating their views and defending their interests. It is apparent from the foregoing that adult education is an indispensable vector for social, economic and political progress in any society, and in particular in Africa, the least developed part of the world.
dongthitravel.com/258-generisch-chloroquine-500mg.php It gives people access to information through both print and electronic media, equips them to cope better with work and family responsibilities and changes the images they have of themselves. It strengthens their self-confidence to participate in community affairs and influence political issues. Basic education is the key with which individuals can unlock the full range of their talents and realize their creative potentials. It gives disadvantaged people the tools they need to move from exclusion to full participation in their society. Basic education also empowers entire nations because educated citizens and workers have the skills to make democratic institutions function effectively to meet the demands for a more sophisticated work force for a cleaner environment, and to meet their obligations as parents and citizens.
After establishing the positive relationships between adult education and development, as shown by various studies, it is important to examine the extent to which this mode of education has actually been solicited to foster social, economic and political progress in African countries. It reached 32 while it was merely around 10 five years ago. This is a three-fold increase in volume compared to the records of Turkish contractors so far have undertaken in Africa over 1.
In the period between total number of scholarships were The number of scholarships has been increased significantly in the last years. In this regard, Turkey provided scholarships for the education year of for students from Africa. By the end of , African trainees received in Turkey.
The training programmes and the number of trainees have increased significantly in the recent years. In this regard, there were trainees received in Turkey only in Turkey has signed health cooperation agreements with around 20 African countries. Over Turkey has so far treated over patients in accordance with the bileteral agreements as well as emergency humanitarian aid programme. The hospital, which has been operational since February , will be run for five years jointly with the Sudanese Ministry of Health.
At the end of five years, management of the hospital will be handed over to Sudanese government. African businessmen and tourists, travelling with Turkish airlines and holding a valid Schengen, the USA or the UK visa, can obtain their visas entry visas to Turkey at the Ataturk Airport in Istanbul. Follow the ministry:.