If I tell you that I am giving sedation to relieve intractable pain in a patient with widespread cancer, and if I buttress that with written chart notes, how would you ever know otherwise?
Researchers join forces; experiment with latest technologies to support future military operations
Intent defines a major problem in evaluating clinical research in the years after the Second World War. Despite the horrors of Nazi experiments on concentration camp victims, the conviction still held that in return for our medical care, the poor gave us physicians their bodies for study.
Maurice Pappworth in England disclosed how callously university patients in Britain and America were treated under the banner of research. Yet, I was sad to read that Andrew C.
- Bulletin of the History of Medicine.
- The Gravity Between Us.
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- Cancer Research and the Military.
- Gerald Kutcher.
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For him the medical elite surrrendered their clinical judgment, as a political maneuver, to win legitimacy for their reassuring new statistical evaluations, which came to dominate academic institutions. Even after receiving his Ph. Kutcher continued his association with Cambridge: Awarded Field of Study:. More specifically, both address new radiation treatments aimed at treating cancer, which occupied a central node in the domestic politics of atomic energy.
- In Two Minds Dual Processes and Beyond.
- Manual Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military.
- Gerald Kutcher's Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military PDF?
- Decades after a risky Cold War experiment, a scientist lives with secrets.!
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And both discuss human radiation experiments that have come to represent some of the worst abuses of military experimentation and government secrecy. Ellen Leopold's Under the Radar is a well-researched examination of how the Cold War distorted medical approaches to cancer both metaphorically, by framing cancer therapy in terms of war, and technologically, through the application [End Page ] of newly available radiation sources with which to treat patients.
contested medicine cancer research and the military Manual
At the center of Leopold's book is a lawsuit over the injuries that Irma Natanson sustained from treatment with cobalt radiation therapy following a mastectomy in Natanson suffered severe radiation burns that resulted in the removal of several of her ribs and chest tissue as well as extensive skin grafts. She sued her radiologist for failure to warn her of the risks of treatment and for failure to administer the treatment properly. The jury rejected the charges of negligence and malpractice, but on appeal, the court in found the doctor guilty of negligence in not having sufficiently disclosed the nature, consequences, and risks of as well as alternatives to radiation treatment.
Kutcher regards radiologist Eugene Saenge , the physician in question, as using patients as proxies for soldiers under nuclear attack. Yet one can make a story -- as he did -- that the physician was simply giving total body irradiation to treat patients with advanced cancer, data of interest to the military merely its by-produc.
Samuel Hellman, University of Chicago.
John V. Pickstone, University of Manchester. Susan Lindee, University of Pennsylvania.
Trevor Pinch, Cornell University. A thoughtful essay on controlled clinical trials and on clinical experimentation, whether therapeutic or observational. For this alone, the book should be available in every medical library, although some of the details may be more than most of us want—or one hopes—need. Chicago Blog. Sign Up.
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