Manual The Geography of China

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It reaches Mohe in Heilongjiang Province as its northern end, Zengmu Ansha or James Shoal to the south, Pamirs to the west, and expands to the eastern border at the conjunction of the Heilongjiang Amur River and the Wusuli Ussuri River, spanning about 50 degrees of latitude and 62 degrees of longitude.

Physical Features. China is a mountainous country and the mountainous area accounts for about two thirds of the country's total area. Asked by Assasin!

Physical Features

You mean which period? It seems there is no big difference with China today. Its mountains and rivers. Also, the different parts of rivers that developed over time such as V-shaped valleys and meanders.

The South–North Water Transfer Project

Emperor Wu, in a series of battles with neighboring kingdoms, greatly increased the size of China. It is interesting that small numbers of northern barbarians traded with, and moved into, areas of China, and then adopted Chinese culture and way of life. Others, however, continued to attack Chinese cities and villages, which probably contributed to the increasing number of Han farmers moving to the south, along the Yangtze river. A short dynasty, which did succeed in re-uniting Northern and Southern China.

The Chinese rulers required horses from the Northern tribal groups, who wanted silk, metal objects and other goods from the Chinese. The founder of the Sui dynasty, and later many Tang aristocrats, who were important in government, were from these part-Chinese, part-tribal families. Smaller pieces of canals, mostly linking natural bodies of water, already existed, but work was started on a larger canal to link Northern China and Southern China. The canal allowed food from the south to be brought to the north.

The Grand Canal linking north and south was built from Luoyang to modern Yangzhou. Later the canal was extended south to Hangzhou and north to the Beijing area, a length of almost miles, all accomplished only with muscle power man and beast.

China's Geography

The canal meant that food from the Yangtze river area could be brought to northern China, and the capital, and army troops could be moved where needed in a hurry. The Tang dynasty was in many ways an extension of the Sui Dynasty.

China was extended up into Siberia and to the West. The imperial examination system was formalized. Young men underwent a written examination, based on the Confucian classics, to become members of the scholar-official class, the bureaucracy that ran China.

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Taizong reigned killed his brothers and their sons, then got his father to abdicate in his favor. Despite all the family bloodshed, he became a wise ruler. As usual for the Tang, he was a blend of Chinese and northern nomad. The Chinese had long used bolts of silk as unit of exchange the bolts of silk were not always tangible and did not always change hands; the value of things could be expressed as being worth so many bolts of silk. Bronze or iron coins were used, but these were heavy and hard to carry. During the Song, when the economy and population both grew immensely, the Chinese started using paper money.

Tea drinking also became widespread during this time. A group of nomadic people from the area of Manchuria successfully attacked the capital of Kaifeng and captured the Emperor and his son.

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The capital was moved to the south, in Hangzhou. This era is called the. While most of the rest of the Song was spent trying to regain the northern part of China, commerce and the art flourished during this time. It began in the upper classes, and eventually spread to all but the poorest peasants. Not only was the process very painful, but it was also dangerous from the foot becoming infected and left the girl barely able to walk, so that she could not do heavy work in the fields.

The Mongols conquered the Southern Song in The language of government was Mongolian, and so were the majority of the highest officials. Kublai Khan, grandson of Ghenghis Khan, ruled China from to His advisors included Mongols and members of many other tribal peoples, and possibly even an Italian Marco Polo , because Kublai Khan did not entirely trust the Han Chinese.

Taizu mistrusted the scholar-officials, and had a huge number of them—at least 30,executed, including his chief minister and everyone connected with him.

Under the Ming, the capital was moved to Beijing, and the Forbidden City was built. China has numerous rivers and lakes. According to statistics, more than 50, rivers have drainage areas that exceed square kilometers; more than 1, exceed 1, square kilometers. These rivers can also be classified as exterior and interior rivers.

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  7. The Yangtze , the longest in China and even in Asia, is the third-longest in the world. On the other side, the interior rivers drain less area than the exterior ones.

    The North China Plain

    These provide China with precious resources such as aquatic products, petroleum, natural gas, mines and renewable resources including tide power. Answers App. With an area of 9.